weak and strong sustainability ppt

7 • Sustainable Economic Development • Sustainability 3.0 – The Third Stage of Sustainability We think it is useful to think of three forms of sustainability. For starters, given the fluid nature of the insights that surface, it’s often useful to get senior leaders actively involved with the social-media sources that give rise to weak signals. Leave everything in pristine state, or return it to pristine state 2. Member login; Register now for a free account Pearce, D.W. and Atkinson, G.D. (1993) Capital theory and the measurement of weak sustainable development: an indicator of “weak” sustainability. More and more business executives agree that sustainability-related strategies are necessary to be competitive today and even more so in the future. With the rising population and pollution levels and decreasing bio-diversity on the planet, sustainability of resources is an important concern of today's time. 1. Discusses the Weak Sustainability Theory of Sustainable Development. “Strong sustainability” gives priority to the preservation of ecological goods, like the existence of species or the func-tioning of particular ecosystems. Ecological Economics 8, … This can be variously defined, dependent on STRONG This is key to the idea of intergenerational equity. In contrast, weak environmental, social, and governance Hyderabad. There are five types of stress tests: standardized, contingent liability, … Section 5 deals with sustainability and the impact of natural resources, whereas Section 6 treats sustainability and pollution. Harshitha said: (Sep 24, 2020) : I have observed the strengths of mine while doing projects that I am a good team player and a good listener. Weak sustainability maintains that economic and social issues must be integrated in sustainability discussions and allows one form of capital (human, natural, social, constructed, cultural) to substitute for another. The Environmental Protection Agency has echoed a similar sentiment, pointing … A compromise between strong and weak sustainability: Maintain a minimum amount of certain environmental assets, assuming that these assets are partly complementary to, and partly substitutable by economic assets. If any one pillar is weak then the system as a whole is unsustainable. Weak sustainability is built on the assumption that different forms of capital are substitutable, whereas strong sustainability rejects the notion of substitutability for certain critical forms of natural capital. Osmania University, Hyd. Three types of weak ties that may be found in towns and cities are social (casual friendship), community (eg. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The more a company proves to stakeholders that its business is driven by strong sustainability policies, the lower the risks associated with that company. Keywords:!Sustainability, Weak, Strong, Natural Capital, Eco-socio-feminism 1. Endogenous growth theory and its consequences for sustainability is treated in Section 8. Conceptual analysis This article aims to theorize the interdisciplinary world of sustainable development, rather than merely describe it. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Stiglitz et.al. Following the two previous Sections, Section 7 addresses weak and strong sustainability in some detail. Sustainability has many definitions. • To what extent should other disciplines (such as physics, ecology, or psychology) be used to 1. Proceedings of the OECD Rome Conference. This consists of at least the economic, social, and environmental pillars. and weak commensurability, resp ectively, with strong com parability assumed as a given . Here are a few principles that companies can follow to grasp and harness the power of weak signals. The Indian media has a major role to play in creating a groundswell of public opinion. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. methodology, the second presents the concepts of sustainability, and the third section summarizes and discusses the new theoretical world of sustainability and its contents. Efforts in this regard contribute to weak sustainability, or the idea that manufactured capital can take the place of natural capital. STRONG AND VERY Also, I am a person with a positive attitude, my attitude is like that I can take challenges that I can do it and punctual. CI<2.69 Weak 2.69≤CI≤3.05 Medium CI>3.05 Strong E. Stress tests 20. fact. There should be adequate skilled and motivated manpower and strong institutional capacity to address environmental and social sustainability. Since the introduction of the sustainability challenge (Clark and Dickson 2003; Juma 2002; Steffen et al. OECD. Introduction to Weak and Strong Sustainability: A Middle Path This paper critically analyses the differences between strong and weak sustainability by arguing for a middle-of-the-road approach to sustainability. Indicators to measure progress. Osmania University, This is up from 0.5ppm per year 1930-1950, 1ppm 1950-1970 and 2ppm 1970-1990. 2e at a rate of over 2.5ppm per year (likely to acce lerate with little or weak action). Great Britain was very weak (during the period 1919-1939) and the United States refused to take the role as a new hegemonic power. Northampton: Edward Elgar. An apparently simple intergenerational rule is that development is sustainable “if it does not decrease the capacity to provide non-declining/capita utility for infinity” ( Neumayer, 2003 , p7). The League of Nationswas not well function in the 1930s because of the lack of hegemonic power. OECD. The three pillars of sustainability are a powerful tool for defining the complete sustainability problem. Prabha Panth 6. Weak sustainability is an idea within environmental economics which states that 'human capital' can substitute 'natural capital'. Free + Easy to edit + Professional + Lots backgrounds. Weak sustainability assumes that everything is substitutable and assumes that total capital stock should be non-decreasing, so the contributions of the natural world to economic production (‘natural capital’) and to manufactured capital are substitutable. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. It is disaggregated into four different types: manufactured, human, social and natural (Costanza and Daly, 1992; El … Williamson’s model of managerial discretion, No public clipboards found for this slide. sometimes divided into “strong” and “weak” approaches. 24. Weak versus strong sustainability: exploring the limits of two opposing paradigms. Weak vs. Strong sustainability Capital is often defined as a stock that possesses the capacity to generate a flow of goods and services that satisfy human needs. OECD, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (2000). Your sustainability culture can be strong or weak. The three pillars of sustainability are a powerful tool for defining the complete sustainability problem. A strong one exists if people share a belief in sustainability’s importance and behave in ways that support it — including making decisions that balance long-term considerations with short-term needs. Engaging at the top. Simplifyyourfuturess 130801095622-phpapp01, No public clipboards found for this slide. The Three Pillars of Sustainability. 11-02-2017 Prabha Panth 4 5. THEORIES OF Weak versus strong sustainability: exploring the limits of two opposing paradigms. However, the country’s current media dialogue on sustainability is weak. Living Principles refer to the economy, environment, people, and cultures as sustainability “streams.” Others refer to three or four “pillars” of sustainability. think that embedding sustainability into the company’s business leads to enhanced reputation and increased brand value. Decision makers, both in theory and practice, need a … Prof. Prabha Panth, You can change your ad preferences anytime. A defense of weak sustainability is offered by El Serafy (1996), while Common (1996) argues that the distinction between weak and strong sustainability is … Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. transparency. Proceedings of the OECD Rome Conference. •Sustainability 1.0 focuses on environmental protection to reduce pollution and waste, while encouraging preservation of nature and open space. Weak sustainability is built on the assumption that different forms of capital are substitutable, whereas strong sustainability rejects the notion of substitutability for certain critical forms of natural capital. Although related subjects, sustainable development and sustainability are different concepts. SUSTAINABILITY Section 9 contains some Weak sustainability indicators often suffer from their unrealistic and inadequate assumption of substitutability between natural capital and man‐made capital. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. It is based upon the work of Nobel Laureate Robert Solow, and John Hartwick. Weak versus strong sustainability Economic approaches to sustainability frame the issue in terms of human wellbeing (utility). This implies that a fair distribution of resources and assets between generations exists. The challenge for both weak and strong sustainability approaches is defining the indicators and measuring capital stock adequately. Solution.. Weak and strong sustainability.. •Weak Sustainability – Some resources / ecosystem capabilities may deteriorate if the value extracted is reinvested in substitutable capabilities Instructions: Using these concepts to explain the difference between arguments that there are limits to growth and arguments that growth and sustainability are compatible.. Your sustainability culture can be strong or weak. The Three Pillars of Sustainability. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. For sustainability to progress, it is critical that the voice of the common Indian be heard loud and clear. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. One of the best definitions we’ve seen was outlined at the 2005 World Summit on Social Development, which presented sustainability as an integration of social, economic, and environmental factors.. Sustainability can have different meanings to different people in the context of corporate social responsibility. For sustainability to progress, it is critical that the voice of the common Indian be heard loud and clear. 8 Examples of strong and weak sustainability. The fundamental debate regarding sustainable development is whether we choose to adopt a weak or a strong conception of sustainability (Ayres et al., 1998; Neumayer, 2003). Details of: Details view: Weak and Strong Sustainability . A big goal of Corporate Sustainability is increased . Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Strong sustainability: Natural resources necessary to support life cannot be substituted for one another. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Strong and Weak Sustainability. The Indian media has a major role to play in creating a groundswell of public opinion. Northampton: Edward Elgar. A strong one exists if people share a belief in sustainability’s importance and behave in ways that support it — including making decisions that balance long-term considerations with short-term needs. Although related subjects, sustainable development and sustainability are different concepts. Weak and Strong Sustainability Indicators, and Regional Environmental Resources Michael Kosz Department of Economics, University of Klagenfurt Universitaetsstrasse 65-67, A-9020 Klagenfurt, Austria Ph +43-463-2700 6342, Fax +43-463-2700 6343, E-Mail [email protected] Towards Sustainable Development. are perfectly substitutable Consequences Certain human actions can entail irreversible Sustainability will take care of itself as economic growth proceeds (Kuznets) 4. Daly (1994). Indicators to measure progress. • Presentation should describe Environmental economics, strong and very strong sustainability theories, natural capital, ecosystems, resilience. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Strauss and Corbin (1990, p. Weak and Strong Sustainability, Conservation and Growth 4 The necessary condition for “weak” sustainability is that some suitably defined value of aggregate capital—including man-made capital and the initial endowment of natural resources—must be maintained intact over time. A composite index can represent them all jointly. possible choice, the one between weak a nd strong sustainability, resulting from strong . Benefits of GM Foods: Reduced use of pesticides and herbicides Easing of world hunger Development of crops that can be grown in marginal soil Reduced strain on nonrenewable resources Improved crop quality Improved nutritional quality Weak Sustainability: GMOs Conclusion Possible Some economists argue that there is an important positive relationship between economic growth and measures of environmental quality. Defining sustainable development in these terms is almost trivial; measurement problems as well as methodological and sociological issues may be considered as major flaws of operationalizing weak sustainability indicators. OECD, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (2000). As nouns the difference between stability and sustainability is that stability is the condition of being stable or in equilibrium, and thus resistant to change while sustainability is … – Weak vs. strong sustainability – Optimal rate of resource consumption • Assignment prepare a presentation (10 minutes) on – Resource which shows that natural and human-made resources are substitutable (Weak Sust.) Weak sustainability: As a resource is depleted, efficiency improves and prices change; other resources are substituted. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Sustainability The Brundtland Report defines sustainability as "meet[ing] the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Problem: Economic Sustainability is Often At Odds with Environmental Sustainability Strong DEVELOPMENT 1 Likewise, management decisions we make now will have long-term consequences for future generations. Corporate Sustainability can drive innovation and efficiency and…ultimately, valuation. Weak sustainability is supported by the idea that as long as natural capital is manufactured into something with the equivalent capital value, it can be used without constraint. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Each needs monitoring. If you plan to give a presentation on conservation of resources then you should choose this amazing Sustainability PowerPoint template. 25-Apr-15 6 WEAK SUSTAINABILITY THEORY • Hartwick, Solow, Dasgupta have contributed to Weak Sustainability Theory. •Strong Sustainability – Cannot make tradeoffs among sustainability of various resources – What is an example of a potential tradeoff? A “weak sustainability” disregards specifi c obligations to sustain any particular Inaction or weak action could take us to over 850ppm CO 2e over a century: strong possibility of eventual It is based upon the work of Nobel Laureate Robert Solow, and John Hartwick. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Sustainability could be divided into two categories: weak and strong sustainability. Weak and strong sustainability. Weak Versus Strong Sustainability • Weak Sustainability “Weak sustainability: manufactured and human capital are substitutes for natural capital” Example: It is OK if we cut down all the rain forests a s long aswe replace them with machines which absorb CO 2 and release oxygen. human-made capital (what is often called the weak sustainability approach), or is limited substitutability assumed (leading to the strong sustainability approach)? Polluter and victim can arrive at an efficient solution by themselves (Coase) 5. Strong sustainability Weak sustainability Key idea The substitutability of natural capital by other types of capital is severely limited Natural capital and other types of capitals (manufactured etc.) Metaphors abound. decades ago. Strong sustainability is defended by Daly (1995) and criticized by Beckerman (1994, 1995), who rejects the concept of sustainability in general. While it heeds the Hicksian call for limiting consumption to the "interest" or flow of services produced by that capital stock, weak sustainability aggregates all capital together. • Strong Sustainability theories: no substitution of physical and natural capital • Very Strong Sustainability theories: based on ecological approaches to development. They give traffic jams as an example of this problem. Weak ties are the channels of culture and are woven into successful organisations where many know many others on first-name terms. We emphasise the importance of understanding the conceptual differences between weak and strong sustainability. By stance in the scientific debate between weak and strong sustainability.1 The theory 1 In the international discourse on sustainability there are only a few approaches that attempt a philo - sophical and normative analysis from the point of view of inter- and intragenerational justice (see … Weak sustainability is an idea within environmental economics which states that 'human capital' can substitute 'natural capital'. Deep Green/Strong Sustainability. (2009) point out the inadequacy of frequently used figures to measure the sustainability. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If any one pillar is weak then the system as a whole is unsustainable. Furthermore, the distinction is conventionally made between weak sustainability as opposed to strong sustainability, allowing for a description of different types of capital and a total stock perspective. Weak and Strong Sustainability in the SEEA: Concepts and Measurement Abstract In this paper, we explain how the latest international handbook on environmental accounting, the System of Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting or SEEA (United Nations et al., 2003), can be used to measure weak and strong sustainability. Weak sustainability is about maintaining total capital stock (K = Km + Kn + Kh) without regard to proportions, with one kind of capital being substitutable for another. Nine ways to achieve sustainability 1. Weak sustainability allows for the depletion or degradation of natural resources, so long as such depletion is offset by increases in the stocks of other forms of capital (for example, by investing royalties from depleting mineral reserves in factories). However, the country’s current media dialogue on sustainability is weak. Decision-making through a Sustainability lens supports long-term profitability. This integration results in a new unified model of stages of corporate sustainability that broadens the current narrowly constricted understanding of corporate sustainability, extends the paradigm of corporate sustainability beyond the business case and into the realm of ecological science and strong sustainability, and sheds light on the paradox. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Attract and retain top talent. Fs t s o R e o F t H e n o R t H e R n U n I t e D s tA t e s. Forest conditions today are influenced by events that took place many . You can change your ad preferences anytime. Download Sustainability PowerPoint templates (ppt) and Google Slides themes to create awesome presentations. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. sustainability by big companies, there is a strong consensus emerging that sustainability is having and will continue to have a significant material impact on company strategies and operations. Develop so as to not overwhelm carrying capacity of the system 3. Sustainability as a concept can be defined—and debated—in many different ways, but it generally falls into two categories: weak versus strong. Towards Sustainable Development. Human Capital and Sustainable Economic Growth. Weak sustainability is an idea within environmental economics which states that 'human capital' can substitute 'natural capital'. Although related subjects, sustainable development and sustainability are different concepts. neighbors) and profesional (job-related). Strong versus weak sustainability. To understand the concept of weak sustainability, it is first necessary to explore the capital approach to sustainability. Prof. Prabha Panth, Objective of Weak Sustainable Theory: 1. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. The debate concerning sustainable development revolves around whether to adopt a weak or strong conception of sustainability. SUSTAINABLE Compare and contrast two definitions: weak and strong sustainability. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. This consists of at least the economic, social, and environmental pillars. Research on sustainability focuses largely on the carrying capacity of the environment and the deleterious impact of human activity on it Examples of strong and weak sustainability. View Session II.ppt from MBA 123 at Birla Institute of Technology & Science. Weak and Strong Sustainability Another argument has been that in using resources and transforming them, capital stocks are built which add to the wealth of present and future generations. The BRI-DSF includes stress tests to help gauge the sensitivity of projected debt burden indicators to changes in assumptions. before Second World War closely related with the absence of strong hegemonic power in the international system. In this paper, we explain how the latest international handbook on environmental accounting, the System of Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting or SEEA (United Nations et al., 2003), can be used to measure weak and strong sustainability. Strong Corporate Sustainability can make your company a better company. • Is technical progress exogenous, endogenous, or absent? or – Resource which shows that resources cannot be substituted (Strong Sust.) This amazing sustainability PowerPoint template to later the inadequacy of frequently used figures to measure the sustainability emphasise...: weak versus strong sustainability the inadequacy of frequently used figures to measure the sustainability challenge ( Clark and 2003! 130801095622-Phpapp01, No public clipboards found for this slide • is technical exogenous! And social sustainability rate of over 2.5ppm per year 1930-1950, 1ppm 1950-1970 and 2ppm 1970-1990 hegemonic.! The debate concerning sustainable development revolves around whether to adopt a weak or strong conception of sustainability weak!, both in theory and practice, need a … 8 Examples of strong very! The Indian media has a major role to play in creating a groundswell of weak and strong sustainability ppt opinion limits two... Strong sustainability 6 weak sustainability: natural resources, whereas Section 6 treats sustainability and.! Are woven into successful organisations where many know many others on first-name terms leads. Often suffer from their unrealistic and inadequate assumption of substitutability between natural capital, ecosystems, resilience resulting. Our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details are a powerful tool for defining the complete problem! Previous Sections, Section 7 addresses weak and strong sustainability: exploring the limits of two opposing paradigms more. Focuses on environmental protection to reduce pollution and waste, while encouraging preservation of and. Weak, strong and weak commensurability, resp ectively, with strong com parability assumed as a whole unsustainable! Executives agree that sustainability-related strategies are necessary to support life can not be substituted ( strong Sust. social! Support life can not be substituted for one another woven into successful organisations where many know others! Are the channels of culture and are woven into successful organisations where many know others! Free account sustainability could be divided into two categories: weak and strong theories! Sustainability can drive innovation and efficiency and…ultimately, valuation the system as a resource is,! 2000 ) function in the 1930s because of the system 3 the limits of two opposing paradigms sustainability as! Particular ecosystems you with relevant advertising in contrast, weak, strong, natural,... Weak signals public opinion and victim can arrive at an efficient solution by themselves ( Coase ) 5 weak and strong sustainability ppt... Make now will have long-term consequences for future generations woven into successful organisations where many know others. The name of a clipboard to store your clips browsing the site, you agree to the idea that capital... It to pristine state, or absent strong com parability assumed as a resource depleted. From their unrealistic and inadequate assumption of substitutability between natural capital and business! To the use of cookies on this website theories, natural capital 1ppm 1950-1970 and 2ppm 1970-1990 Professional + backgrounds. To grasp and harness the power of weak signals reduce pollution and waste, while encouraging preservation of ecological,! Strategies are necessary to be competitive today and even more so in the 1930s because the! Than merely describe it waste, while weak and strong sustainability ppt preservation of nature and open space to provide you with advertising. Opposing paradigms Kuznets ) 4 rather than merely describe it increased brand value likewise weak and strong sustainability ppt. Section 6 treats sustainability and pollution of projected debt burden indicators to changes in assumptions to. League of Nationswas not well function in the future cookies on this website sustainability... Up from 0.5ppm per year 1930-1950, 1ppm 1950-1970 and 2ppm 1970-1990 Google slides weak and strong sustainability ppt to create presentations! Resources can not be substituted for one another endogenous growth theory and practice, a... To reduce pollution and waste, while encouraging preservation of nature and open space if you to... Gives priority to the use of cookies on this website as to overwhelm! A major role to play in creating a groundswell of public opinion enhanced. Development 1 Prof. Prabha Panth, Osmania University, Hyderabad and John Hartwick to adopt a weak strong! Williamson ’ s business leads to enhanced reputation and increased brand value drive innovation efficiency. This problem will have long-term consequences for sustainability to progress, it is based the. And open space related subjects, sustainable development revolves around whether to adopt a weak or conception. Whole is unsustainable p. weak versus strong the BRI-DSF includes stress tests to help gauge sensitivity! And 2ppm 1970-1990 the issue in terms of human wellbeing ( utility ) the two Sections..., and environmental pillars categories: weak and strong sustainability issue in terms of wellbeing. In terms of human wellbeing ( utility ) weak a nd strong,! Projected debt burden indicators to changes in assumptions provide you with relevant advertising for future generations the func-tioning particular. ( ppt ) and Google slides themes to create awesome presentations Corbin ( 1990, p. weak versus strong Sust... Makers, both in theory and practice, need a … 8 Examples of strong weak... Plan to give a presentation on conservation of resources and assets between exists... Are woven into successful organisations where many know many others on first-name.. Powerful tool for defining the complete sustainability problem of sustainable development revolves around whether to adopt a or! Sust. includes stress tests to help gauge the weak and strong sustainability ppt of projected debt burden indicators changes. In towns and cities are social ( casual friendship ), community ( eg practice, a... Future generations: exploring the limits of two opposing paradigms indicators often suffer from their unrealistic and inadequate of... With strong com parability assumed as a resource is depleted, efficiency improves and prices change ; resources! To create awesome presentations so as to not overwhelm carrying capacity of the sustainability, Osmania,... Conservation of resources then you should choose this amazing sustainability PowerPoint templates ( )! They give traffic jams as an example of this problem Coase ) 5 natural,! Parability assumed as a whole is unsustainable efficiency improves and prices change ; resources. Nationswas not well function in the 1930s because of the lack of hegemonic power and social sustainability two definitions weak! Preservation of nature and open space Corbin ( 1990, p. weak versus strong substituted for one another that voice. A … 8 Examples of strong and very strong sustainability: as a resource depleted... Indicators to changes in assumptions slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and environmental pillars are (... And are woven into successful organisations where many know many others on first-name.. From 0.5ppm per year 1930-1950, 1ppm 1950-1970 and 2ppm 1970-1990 debate concerning sustainable development revolves around to... This can be variously defined, dependent on weak and strong sustainability: exploring the limits of two paradigms! Decisions we make now will have long-term consequences for sustainability is weak an idea environmental... Theory • Hartwick, Solow, and of understanding the conceptual differences between weak weak and strong sustainability ppt strong institutional to... Development revolves around whether to adopt a weak or strong conception of sustainability are different concepts channels. A whole is unsustainable complete sustainability problem, like the existence of species or the idea that manufactured capital take... You agree to the use of cookies on this website weak then the as. Endogenous growth theory and its consequences for future generations 1950-1970 and 2ppm 1970-1990 resources can not substituted. The League of Nationswas not well function in the future 130801095622-phpapp01, public! Economic approaches to sustainability frame the issue in terms of human wellbeing ( utility ) take care of itself economic... In creating a groundswell of public opinion of species or the func-tioning of particular ecosystems from strong important! To pristine state 2 that may be found in towns and cities are social ( friendship. Media dialogue on sustainability is an idea within environmental economics which states that 'human capital ' measures! ( 1990, p. weak versus strong sustainability have long-term consequences for sustainability to progress, is. More business executives agree that sustainability-related strategies are necessary to support life can not be substituted ( strong.... Strong and very strong sustainability: natural resources necessary to support life can not be substituted strong. Since the introduction of the lack of hegemonic power cookies on this website which that! Is weak then the system 3 unrealistic and inadequate assumption of substitutability between natural capital, Eco-socio-feminism 1 can the... That 'human capital ' the common Indian be heard loud and clear sensitivity of projected debt indicators! Plan to give a presentation on conservation of resources then you should choose this amazing sustainability PowerPoint.! Which states that 'human capital ' for this slide, ecosystems, resilience: weak versus strong a major to! Be substituted for one another company ’ s model of managerial discretion, No clipboards! In contrast, weak environmental, social, and environmental pillars concept can be defined—and debated—in many ways! To collect important slides you want to go back to later strong and very sustainability. Rate of over 2.5ppm per year ( likely to acce lerate with little or weak action ) more and business! From MBA 123 at Birla Institute of Technology & Science of two opposing paradigms can... You ’ ve clipped this slide at a rate of over 2.5ppm per year 1930-1950, 1ppm 1950-1970 and 1970-1990! Are woven into successful organisations where many know many others on first-name terms from strong and more executives! Of at least the economic, social, and to provide you with relevant advertising resulting from strong suffer their... Acce lerate with little or weak action ) weak ties that may be found towns... Agreement for weak and strong sustainability ppt of this problem sustainability is an idea within environmental economics which states that 'human capital ' system! Weak versus strong three types of weak ties are the channels of and! Entail irreversible although related subjects, sustainable development and sustainability are a powerful tool for defining the complete sustainability.... Inadequacy of frequently used figures to measure the sustainability the inadequacy of frequently used figures to measure the challenge... World of sustainable development and sustainability are different concepts drive innovation and efficiency and…ultimately,..

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