6) Convert the heights of Mauna Loa and Olympus Mons from miles to feet. Sure, they could bring us out of this world positive tech ( no pun intended ) that could greatly benefit us all….yet behind “door #2” could bring about complete vaporization of earths complete civilization and then leave no traces of any prior existence whatsoever of the human race and its structures.Wiped clean-forever.  Although the average Martian surface atmospheric pressure is less than one percent of Earth's, the much lower gravity of Mars increases the atmosphere's scale height; in other words, Mars's atmosphere is expansive and does not drop off in density with height as sharply as Earth's. I cant wait when our technology reveals scientific hard evidence of an intelligent species on another planet somewhere….and no there will no mass riots planet wide….there may be a few scrums breakout, and thats it….. and I also feel religion wil actuallyl benefit……and NOT be hurt as many people predict. Olympus Mons ( /əˌlɪmpəs ˈmɒnz, oʊ-/; Latin for Mount Olympus) is a very large shield volcano on the planet Mars. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Olympus Mons is the tallest mountain in the solar system.  Even so, high-altitude orographic clouds frequently drift over the Olympus Mons summit, and airborne Martian dust is still present. The origin of the aureole remains debated, but it was likely formed by huge landslides or gravity-driven thrust sheets that sloughed off the edges of the Olympus Mons shield. Is the map in your book backwards, because it is in mine! Mount Olympus in elevation is 2917 meters tall (9750 feet tall). Olympus Mons is partially surrounded by a region of distinctive grooved or corrugated terrain known as the Olympus Mons aureole. In either case Olympus Mons with a base to peak height of 14 miles dwarfs them both. In the future solar systems that are beyong our dreams will be found and some will be teaming with life….it is just a matter of time. If you’re wondering how it got to be so big, I already wrote about that in this post about shield volcanoes, so go check it out! Olympus Mons on Mars is the largest & highest volcano and mountain in our solar system. Older calderas appear as semicircular segments because they are transected by the younger calderas. An Overview of Volcano Flank Terraces on Mars.  These ages are very recent in geological terms, suggesting that the mountain may still be volcanically active, though in a very quiescent and episodic fashion. The tallest mountains on Mars, Earth, and Venus compared. (2010). Pele, the largest known volcano on Io, is also much larger, at roughly 4 times the surface area, but is considerably flatter. Many of the flows have levees along their margins (pictured). It is almost unimaginably huge. The fastest elevator in the world, at the Guangzhou CTF Financial Center would take about 22 minutes to reach the top. The volcano's basal escarpment is prominent.  If the volcano rests on sediments containing mechanically weak layers (e.g., beds of water-saturated clay), detachment zones (decollements) may develop in the weak layers. This inhibition of southeasterly basal spreading in Olympus Mons could account for the structural and topographic asymmetry of the mountain. I do buy into the increasing thought of it IS NOT a good idea to try to make contact even if the then future tech allows us to do so.. To me, the risk outweighs the reward and if possible to discover the intentions of these beings asap, again if it would be possible to even do that. How long is 19,600 feet? Everest is about 29,000 feet above sea level. I just started re-reading it. The flanks of Olympus Mons are made up of innumerable lava flows and channels. LPI has the answer – it was an airbrush painting by Gorden Legg, a Hollywood artist, based on Viking Orbiter mosaic P17444 link , commissioned for a NASA movie on Viking and found the cover of NASA Special Publication 444 “Images of Mars: the Viking Extended Mission”. Height Olympus Mons.  Similarly, an observer near the summit would be unaware of standing on a very high mountain, as the slope of the volcano would extend far beyond the horizon, a mere 3 kilometers away.. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Yes that is huge isn’t it? Calderas on the summit of Olympus Mons. Height. And it is tall. ; Burr, D.M. Your email address will not be published. These results point to the surface being largely composed of basalts and other mafic rocks, which would have erupted as low viscosity lava flows and hence lead to the low gradients on the surface of the planet. "The Relationship between Lava Fans and Tubes on Olympus Mons in the Tharsis Region, Mars". It had been known to astronomers since the late 19th century as the albedo feature Nix Olympica (Latin for "Olympic Snow"). Located in the Tharsis Montes region of Mars, near the equator in the planet’s western hemisphere, Olympus Mons (Latin for “Mount Olympus”) is a volcano that stretches 374 miles across and rises 16 miles high — about three times the height of Everest. Hopefully these numbers give you a little better idea of just how huge. The comparation with Everest may be shifted up to embrace the Mariana Trench once there is no sea level in Mars or Venus. If this is confirmed, Tharsis would be by far the largest volcano in the Solar System. et al. In contrast, the volcano's steeper southeastern side has features indicating compression, including step-like terraces in the volcano's mid-flank region (interpreted as thrust faults) and a number of wrinkle ridges located at the basal escarpment. Archived. At this location, it is nearly 7 kilometers (23,000 feet) tall. Exploration of the Martian Surface: 1992–2007 in. In addition, the magma chambers are thought to be much larger and deeper than the ones found on Earth. The words are correct, but the geography is flipped east-west. Olympus Mons’ approximately 120,000 square miles place it well ahead of the 100,000 or so square miles of Earth’s largest volcano, Tamu … The volcano has a height of nearly 22 km (13.6 mi or 72,000 ft) as measured by the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA). Olympus Mons holds the title for tallest mountain i… The western portion of the volcano lies in the Amazonis quadrangle (MC-8) and the central and eastern portions in the adjoining Tharsis quadrangle (MC-9). By one measure, it has a height of nearly 22 km (13.6 mi or 72,000 ft).. Olympus Mons stands about two and a half times as tall as Mount Everest's height above sea level, and is currently the largest volcano discovered in the Solar System. The cliff exposes the guts of the volcano, revealing interbedded hard and soft layers. The volcano has a height of over 21 km (13.6 mi or 72,000 ft) as measured by the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA). If you don’t agree with the information about height, etc. The atmosphere on Mars is thin to begin with, but at the summit of Olympus Mons, it is only 8% of the normal martian atmospheric pressure. Measured from the sea floor to its summit, Mauna Kea is 33,476 feet (10.2 km) tall: taller than Everest, but only about 40% the height of Olympus Mons. 20 Comments/Trackbacks ». Ultimately, astronomers adopted the name Olympus Mons for the albedo feature known as Nix Olympica. For 40 years, following its discovery in 1971, it was the … Profiles.  Slopes are steepest near the middle part of the flanks and grow shallower toward the base, giving the flanks a concave upward profile. Dating The Most Recent Episodes of Volcanic Activity From Mars's Main Volcanic Calderae (sic). 84,840 feet = 6.124 13,796 feet Olympus Mons is about 6 times taller than Mauna Kea! I would love to see it at its peak eruption and I believe it is still alive according to scientists. ► The entire expanse of the mountain’s structure is known to stretch for 600 km or 370 miles. Alba Mons, northeast of Olympus Mons, has roughly 19 times the surface area, but is only about one third the height. Formation and Evolution of Surface and Subsurface Structures within the Large Caldera of Olympus Mons, Mars. It is33,480 feet high (6.3 miles or 10.3 km) but most of it is underwater. A normal lift would take about 3 hours to reach the top. By one measure, it has a height of nearly 22 km (13.6 mi or 72,000 ft.) Olympus Mons stands about two and a half times as tall as Mount Everest's height above sea level. The volcano's shape and profile have been likened to a "circus tent" held up by a single pole that is shifted off center. Olympus Mons is a very large shield volcano on the planet Mars.. Background Edit. (2011). It is 22 km higher than the surrounding plains area (27km from the average surface height on Mars) and 550 km wide. The volcano is located in Mars' western hemisphere, with the center at 18°39′N 226°12′E / 18.650°N 226.200°E / 18.650; 226.200, just off the northwestern edge of the Tharsis bulge. The planned fastest elevator in the world, at the Guangzhou CTF Financial Center would take about 22 minutes to reach the top. Olympus Mons (Latin for Mount Olympus) is a very large shield volcano on the planet Mars. Is Tharsis Rise, Mars, a Spreading Volcano? It is 550 kilometers (342 miles) across at its base, and the volcanic crater (the technical term is ‘caldera’) at the peak is 80 kilometers (53 miles) long. Everest. Its mountainous nature was suspected well before space probes confirmed its identity as a mountain.. A caldera 80 km (50 mi) wide is located at the summit of Olympus Mons. Soderblom, L.A.; Bell, J.F. Its peak is known to be 21,229 m or 69,649 ft high. Olympus Mons is about two and a half times Mount Everest's height above sea level. Both of course pale in comparison to the largest volcanic system in the solar system: Earth mid-oceanic ridges, which over the course of less than 100 million years generated at least 2/3’s of Earth’s crustal area, and wrap around the planet. The margin of Olympus Mons is defined by a massive cliff many kilometers (several miles) tall. The eastern scarp of the Olympus Mons volcano. Mt. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olympus_Mons, The Bridge: Connecting Science and Policy. (2010). There is a discrepancy in the actual measurement of Mount Olympus. So here’s an eye opener. Olympus Mons stands about two and a half times as tall as Mount Everest's height above sea level. Northwest of the volcano, the aureole extends a distance of up to 750 km (470 mi) and is known as Lycus Sulci (24°36′N 219°00′E / 24.600°N 219.000°E / 24.600; 219.000). LPI: Houston, TX, Abstract #2386. An airbrush painting of Olympus Mons towering above the clouds by Gorden Legg, a Hollywood artist, based on Viking Orbiter mosaic P17444. (2007). Er hat eine Gipfelhöhe von über 22 km über dem mittleren Planetenniveau und 26 km über der umliegenden Tiefebene sowie einen Durchmesser von fast 600 km. Partially collapsed lava tubes are visible as chains of pit craters, and broad lava fans formed by lava emerging from intact, subsurface tubes are also common. The extensional stresses in the detachment zones can produce giant landslides and normal faults on the volcano's flanks, leading to the formation of a basal escarpment. I was intrigued, so I went a’googling for the source of this image, which comes up a lot.  The summit of the mountain has six nested calderas (collapsed craters) forming an irregular depression 60 km (37 mi) × 80 km (50 mi) across and up to 3.2 km (2.0 mi) deep. The volcano has a height of over 21 km (13.6 mi or 72,000 ft) as measured by the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA). The edifice is about 600 km (370 mi) wide.  Both are exceedingly low by terrestrial standards; by comparison, the atmospheric pressure at the summit of Mount Everest is 32,000 pascals, or about 32% of Earth's sea level pressure. At 21.9 km, the enormous shield volcano Olympus Mons on Mars is the tallest mountain on any planet in the Solar System. The ones who do believe of no life except earth simply have not learned even any of the basics of the universe. Due to the reduced gravity of Mars compared to Earth, there are lesser buoyant forces on the magma rising out of the crust.  The craters are notable for being two of several suspected source areas for shergottites, the most abundant class of Martian meteorites. That’s 16.7 miles from base to summit. Lying in the Tharsis Montes region of the Martian landscape, Olympus Mons is a sprawling giant of a volcano, towering 22km above the surrounding region, and a total of 27km above the average height of the Martian surface. Image credit: ESA Click to enlarge This photograph was taken by ESA’s Mars Express spacecraft. , Olympus Mons and a few other volcanoes in the Tharsis region stand high enough to reach above the frequent Martian dust-storms recorded by telescopic observers as early as the 19th century. Mouginis-Mark, P.J. Unlike on Earth, the crust of Mars remains fixed over a stationary hotspot, and a volcano can continue to discharge lava until it reaches an enormous height. The total elevation change from the plains of Amazonis Planitia, over 1,000 km (620 mi) to the northwest, to the summit approaches 26 km (16 mi). The flat plain is the younger flow. Even Mauna Kea, Earth’s own giant shield volcano doesn’t come close. , Due to the size and shallow slopes of Olympus Mons, an observer standing on the Martian surface would be unable to view the entire profile of the volcano, even from a great distance. The wider, gently sloping northern flank is to the right. , It has been speculated that the detachment along the weak layers was aided by the presence of high-pressure water in the sediment pore spaces, which would have interesting astrobiological implications.  Crater size-frequency distributions on the caldera floors indicate the calderas range in age from 350 Mya to about 150 Mya. A mantle of fine dust obscures the underlying bedrock, possibly making rock samples hard to come by and likely posing a significant obstacle for rovers. During the Hesperian, when Olympus Mons began to form, the volcano was located on a shallow slope that descended from the high in Tharsis into the northern lowland basins. Olympus Mons is huge. The youngest calderas form circular collapse craters. The atmospheric pressure at the summit would be about 4.6% that at sea level. In that case, the summit of Olympus would be 21 km (68,897 ft) above sea level: still higher than Everest, and about twice as high as normal jets fly. In other words, 19,600 feet is 0.220 times the height of Olympus Mons, and the height of Olympus Mons is 4.50 times that amount. (1981). There’s no spikiness to it. Olympus Mons is an unlikely landing location for automated space probes in the near future.  The largest and oldest caldera segment appears to have formed as a single, large lava lake. (2009). Everest. An actual picture of Nix Olympus, as it was known, emerging from the murk can be found here. If you were standing at the edge of the caldera, the volcano is so broad and the slopes are so gradual that the base of the volcano would be beyond the horizon. Mount Olympus (/ oʊ ˈ l ɪ m p ə s, ə ˈ l ɪ m-/; Greek: Όλυμπος Olympos, for Modern Greek also transliterated Olimbos, or ) is the highest mountain in Greece.It is located in the Olympus Range on the border between Thessaly and Macedonia, between the regional units of Pieria and Larissa, about 80 km (50 mi) southwest from Thessaloniki.Mount Olympus has 52 peaks and deep gorges. Der Olympus Mons (lateinisch für Berg Olymp), früher auch Nix Olympica, ist ein Vulkan am Rande der Tharsis-Region auf dem Planeten Mars. 6. The representations will be constructed on wax paper. The wonders of just our own star system is amazing. At the start of the week, Mt. The view is from the NNE; vertical exaggeration is 10×. Site. A normal lift would take about 3 hours to reach the top. Olympus Mons is the youngest of the large volcanoes on Mars. At 600 km (370 mi) in diameter the footprint of Olympus Mons covers an area of land comparable to the size of France. Each caldera thus represents a separate pulse of volcanic activity on the mountain.  Olympus Mons is about two and a half times Mount Everest's height above sea level. Friction was higher in that direction because the sediments were thinner and probably consisted of coarser grained material resistant to sliding. That’s about three times as tall as Mt. Olympus Mons is asymmetrical structurally as well as topographically. Posted by 4 years ago. That’s right—Mars has a volcano, and it’s really, really big. Olympus Mons is located between the northwestern edge of the Tharsis region and the eastern edge of Amazonis Planitia. Required fields are marked *. Oops, I realized while I was writing that that image couldn’t be from Mariner 9, but apparently forgot to fix the caption. , Being a shield volcano, Olympus Mons has a very gently sloping profile. Like the basalt volcanoes on Earth, Martian basaltic volcanoes are capable of erupting enormous quantities of ash. So how high is this mountain when compared to a time a an average lift would take to go to the top ?  Maybe you can tell me if I’m wrong, but I have a theory.  Calderas are formed by roof collapse following depletion and withdrawal of the subsurface magma chamber after an eruption. The cooler, outer margins of the flow solidify, leaving a central trough of molten, flowing lava.  Because the mountain is so large, with complex structure at its edges, allocating a height to it is difficult. Lava flows on Olympus Mons with older and younger flows labeled, as viewed by HiRISE during the HiWish program. No, but it is tall. For comparison, at the top of Everest it is about one third the pressure at sea level, and most people still need to use oxygen canisters. • Explain that each group will build one . A subterranean rift may develop at the base of the volcano, causing the underlying crust to spread apart. It would make our “Super Valcanoes” on earth look like small firecrackers. Photos. The astronomer Patrick Moore pointed out that Schiaparelli (1835–1910) "had found that his Nodus Gordis and Olympic Snow [Nix Olympica] were almost the only features to be seen" during dust storms, and "guessed correctly that they must be high".. The Tharsis Montes are slightly smaller than Olympus Mons. The broad slopes abruptly end in cliffs that are 6 km tall. That is equivalent to 0.047% of Earth’s pressure at sea level. It’s really interesting. Everest’s officially listed consensus height was 29,028.87 feet, ... You know about Olympus Mons on Mars, right?  Olympus Mons is the youngest of the large volcanoes on Mars, having formed during Mars's Hesperian Period. YouTube . Olympus Mons' tremendous height is thought to be due to its volcanic activity and the flow of hot lava. Olympus Mons is so tall that it essentially sticks up out of Mars’s atmosphere. This makes it at least two and a half times taller than Mount Everest’s height above sea level. Two impact craters on Olympus Mons have been assigned provisional names by the International Astronomical Union. Tingginya gunung ni.Ingatkan Everest yang paling tinggi wou……………………. 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract 2252. 23.8k. Maybe, just maybe…. Additionally, Tharsis Rise, a large volcanic structure on Mars of which Olympus Mons is a part, has been interpreted as an enormous spreading volcano. Byrne, P.K. Fantastic….and they say that their couldnt be life on other planets.. What is the Logitude and latiude of olympus mons, Check Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olympus_Mons. Richardson, J. W. et al. Over 21 km (13.6 miles) or 72,000 feet. The composition of Olympus Mons is approximately 44% silicates, 17.5% iron oxides (which give the planet its red coloration) 7% aluminum, 6% magnesium, 6% calcium, and particularly high proportions of sulfur oxide with 7%. Everest. ► Olympus Mons is known to be about 22 km or 14 miles high, making it the tallest mountain on the red planet, as well as the second-tallest mountain and largest volcano in the solar system. Measured from the sea floor to its summit, Mauna Kea is 33,476 feet (10.2 km) tall: taller than Everest, but only about 40% the height of Olympus Mons. , As a shield volcano, Olympus Mons resembles the shape of the large volcanoes making up the Hawaiian Islands. The competent and rugged basement rocks of Tharsis acted as an additional source of friction. Large shield volcanoes grow not only by adding material to their flanks as erupted lava, but also by spreading laterally at their bases. It is also classified as a shield volcano. Olympus Mons is about two and a half times Mount Everest 's height above sea level. Finally, since it is fun to compare Olympus Mons to Mauna Kea, what would the pressure be like at the summit if we placed Olympus Mons next to Mauna Kea in the Pacific? Ok, so throwing those numbers around is fun if you like stats, but it still doesn’t convey quite how tall Olympus Mons is. really coooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooool. Potential springs or seeps around the volcano would offer exciting possibilities for detecting microbial life. Your email address will not be published. Our Moon would then be the only proof of our prior existence—Nasa & Russian equip purposely left on the Moon- items such as Moon exploratory equipment—- rovers, old space capsule launch pads, tools, flags, etc….. and WOW…..even old astronaunt’s actual pristine footprints, unfazed & untouched by father time. Website in this image, which comes up a lot photograph was taken ESA... 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