agra as a city

Around 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. The two routes are Sikandra to the Taj Mahal's east gate via Agra Fort and Agra Cantt to Kalindi Vihar. Sikander Lodi selected the site and named it Agra. Agra is basically a very good place to live at if you are the kind of person who likes to mingle with the people around you (your neighbours, co workers etc.). Small in comparison to many other Mughal-era tombs, it is sometimes described as a jewel box. Interior chamber of the tomb of Iʿtimād al-Dawlah, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. With the fear of the rebellion spreading to Agra as well, the rest of these native infantry battalions, which were part of the garrison at Agra, were successfully disarmed by the British on 31 May. There are about 7,200 small scale industrial units. Agra is in the Braj cultural region. [53] The monsoon rains usually begin in the first week in July; and generally end in mid-September. Polluting vehicles are not allowed near the Taj Mahal. The new capital city was later abandoned.[18]. The Mughal Empire saw the building of many monuments, especially Taj Mahal. Since Akbarabad was one of the most important cities in India under the Mughals, it witnessed a lot of building activity. Entre ellos, Mr. Jamrach, hijo del célebre tratante de bestias para el circo de Londres, que iba a India en busca de animales,y Mr. Dun, que había sido contratado desde el país asiático para hacerse cargo durante 8 años de una plantación de té. ), Idgah Bus Stand, Taj Depot and Fort Depot are the major bus stands in Agra, connecting Agra to most of the bigger cities in northern India. [45] The sand stone hills near Fatehpur Sikri and on the south-eastern borders of the district are offshoots from the Vindhya range of Central India. [13][54] The region around Agra, the northwest Indo-Gangetic plain is prone to extreme fog in the winter months, which is caused due to natural factors like low winds, low temperatures, availability of moisture apart from air pollution. Agra-Delhi Semi-High Speed Train – Gatimaan Express, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, The Institute of Mental Health and Hospital, List of twin towns and sister cities in India, "BJP wins post of Agra mayor for fifth consecutive time", "Uttar Pradesh (India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities – Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information", "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India", "Cities in India with population more than 100,000", The Age of Wrath: A History of the Delhi Sultanate, Persian Poetry at the Indian Frontier: Masʻŝud Saʻd Salmân of Lahore, "City of Agra under the Mughal from 1526-1707", "The 1837-38 famine in U.P. In the six years, more than 450 km of metro lines in the country are operational and work is going on at a rapid pace on about 1,000 metro lines,” Modi said. The walls are white marble from Rajasthan encrusted with semi-precious stone decorations – cornelian, jasper, lapis lazuli, onyx, and topaz in images of cypress trees and wine bottles, or more elaborate decorations like cut fruit or vases containing bouquets. The fair is held in a big field in Shilpgram, near the eastern gate of the Taj Mahal. It is one of the biggest annual events in North India. The project has been launched,[100] but has faced criticism due to frequent pipeline leakages. [137] The Aram Bagh, commonly known as Ram Bagh today, is one of the oldest Mughal garden in India, and was built by the Mughal emperor Babur in 1528 on the bank of the Yamuna. [14] The 11th-century Persian poet Masud Sa'd Salman claims to have witnessed Mahmud's assault of Agra, adding that Raja Jaypal, the then ruler of the city, surrendered after seeing a nightmare. It is a major tourist destination for its many Mughal-era buildings such as Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī, all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites [79], The development of infrastructure in the city is overseen by Agra Development Authority (ADA), which comes under the Department of Housing and Urban Planning of the Uttar Pradesh government. The fort is crescent-shaped, flattened on the east with a long, nearly straight wall facing the river. The Taj Mahal was built on a marble platform that stands above a sandstone one. [1] Agra can also refer to the administrative district that has its headquarters in Agra city. Operated by Wildlife SOS, Free the Bears Fund and others, the facility has rehabilitate over 620 sloth bears, which were exploited by a nomadic tribe known as the Kalandars as 'dancing bears', despite the practice being illegal since 1972. [clarification needed], Sikandra, the last resting place of the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great, is on the Delhi-Agra Highway, about 13 kilometres (8.1 miles) from the Agra Fort. 3 women among 4 dead in Agra as truck crushes auto-rickshaw 2,256 prisoners released on parole in UP amid Covid-19 pandemic asked to return to … It lies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain on the Yamuna (Jumna) River about 125 miles (200 km) southeast of Delhi. Details here", "कानपुर से पीएम मोदी ने किया आगरा मेट्रो का शिलान्यास, ताजनगरी में हुआ सीधा प्रसारण", "IRS 2019 Q4: Dainik Jagran & Times of India top most-read Hindi and English newspaper list - Exchange4media", "Radio City 91.1 FM Agra – Top 10 Songs of the Week", "Agra, Chengdu of China are now sister cities - Times of India", "List of MoUs/Agreements signed during the Visit of the King of Jordan to India (March 01, 2018)", "Data Visualizations – Asia – Sister Partnerships – United States – Asia Matters for America", University of Washington digital collections,, Articles needing additional references from September 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from September 2019, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2012, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ashirbadi Lal Srivastava, History and Culture of Agra (Souvenir), 1956, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 12:44. The history of the city before the Afghan invasions in the 11th century is unclear. There are 10 institutes comprising various departments and around 700 Colleges are affiliated to this university. The electricity power distribution and bill collection in Agra is the sole responsibility of Torrent Power, a private sector company. In a study conducted by WHO using data from years 2010–2016, Agra ranked as the 8th most polluted city in India, along with other nearby cities including Delhi, Kanpur and Faridabad. The city's groundwater is also unfit for drinking, and is saline and high in fluoride content. ", "Historical Notes: Shivaji's miraculous escape from Aurangzeb's court will leave you spellbound! The only asymmetrical element of the entire complex are the tombs of her father and mother, which have been set side-by-side, a formation replicated in the Taj Mahal. In a brief interruption in Mughal rule between 1540 and 1556, Sher Shah Suri, established the short lived Sur Empire, and the region was eventually reconquered by Akbar in the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556. [69] Agra district literacy rate is 62.56%.[70]. Taj Literature Festival saw stars of the literary world manifest themselves on the earth of Agra. It is to be said that, the uprising in Agra was relatively minor compared to Delhi, Jhansi, Meerut and other major rebellious cities and regions. The Chini Ka Rauza, notable for its Persian influenced dome of blue glazed tiles, is dedicated to the prime minister of Shah Jahan, Afzal Khan. Agra is the fourth-most populous city in Uttar Pradesh and 24th in India.[10]. [26] Gradually, Agra lost its significance, which it once enjoyed during the Mughal Era. The lake has nearly two dozen varieties of migratory and resident birds. This festival, an attempt to rejuvenate that aesthetic spirit which is a soul of this historically rich city, Agra. Not supporting the 'Bharat Bandh' call, Agra Chemist Association also instructed its 600 bulk dealers and 4,208 retailers to keep their shops open. Pop. [19] Shah Jahan, known for his keen interest in architecture, gave Akbarabad (Agra) its most prized monument, the Taj Mahal. She is in the state of Uttar Pradesh but is not the capital of the state. AGRA is a farmer-centered, African-led, and partnerships-driven institution that is transforming Africa’s smallholder farming from a solitary struggle to survive to businesses that thrive. Shah Jahan later shifted the capital to Shahjahanabad (now known as Delhi) in the year 1648,[20] but his son Aurangzeb moved the capital back to Akbarabad, usurping his father and imprisoning him in Agra Fort. The fort was also designated a World Heritage site in 1983. Updates? The theme for the 2020 Taj Mahotsav was Sanskriti ke Rang, Taj ke Sang.[142]. The Agra district, from its proximity to the sandy Thar desert to the west, is relatively dry, and has greater extremes of temperature than districts further east. [101][102][103], Though most of the city uses cylinders for cooking gas, piped natural gas is also available in select localities, including Kamla Nagar and others. But this exists in the form of cottage industries. Both Rabi and Kharif crops are cultivated. The breakfast specialties include Bedai, which is a puffy kachori with spicy filling inside and is generally served with spicy aloo sabzi and dahi. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Official Site of the Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, - Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. [135] The vast gardens around Sikandra are inhabited by several Blackbucks, which are in the process of being shifted to the Etawah Safari Park. The golden age of the city began with the Mughals. Ram Barat (Hindi: राम बारात) is a part of Ramlila celebration in Agra. [109][110] Other hotels include Taj Hotel and Convention Centre. But in the economy of the administration of British India Agra is nothing more than a district town; its size, proportions and manifold activities have come down to its present requirements, and continued life in this city does not come above the average of that monotonous muffasil life in India which has been so often and so vividly described by many gifted Anglo-Indian writers. We are a well known car rental service in Agra offering top of line cars for visiting tourist places in and around Agra city. Agra has become of late years a large railway centre, and its commercial prosperity seems to be The museum-cum-public library is housed in an old heritage structure, built in 1922 and renovated in the 1940s. [28] Meanwhile, it was witness to the Agra famine of 1837–38,[29] which caused widespread loss of human life as well as livestock, and came to remembered in folk memory as chauranvee, (Hindi, literally, "of ninety four,") for the year 1894 in the Samvat calendar corresponding to the year 1838 CE. A stone tablet at the gate of the Fort states that it had been built before 1000 but was later renovated by Akbar. The Agra Municipal Corporation oversees the city's civic infrastructure. (2001) city, 1,275,134; urban agglom., 1,331,339; (2011) city, 1,585,704; urban agglom., 1,760,285. Corrections? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Agra is the birthplace of the now extinct religion known as Din-i-Ilahi, which was founded by Akbar[44] and also of the Radhaswami Faith, which has around two million followers worldwide. Agra is one of the famous cities in India where I live. connect Agra with all major Indian cities like New Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Bengaluru, Pune, Bhopal, Indore, Kanpur, Kochi, Gwalior, Meerut, Saharanpur, Dehradun, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Jaipur, Haridwar, Aligarh, Mathura, Alwar, Lucknow, Thiruvananthapuram etc. Shivaji visited the Agra Fort, as a result of the conditions of the Treaty of Purandar entered into with Mirzā Rājā Jaisingh to meet Aurangzeb in the Diwan-i-Khas (Special Audience Chamber). This climate type forms the transition between the desert climate(BW), and the more humid subtropical and tropical climates. In this carnival you can see India's rich arts, crafts, cultures, cuisine, dance, music and many more things of incredible India", "Taj Mahotsav 2020 continues to woo tourists from across the globe", "Zoom Air begins flights from Delhi to Agra, to add new routes. The area of the mausoleum itself is about 23 m2 (250 sq ft), and is built on a base that is about 50 m2 (540 sq ft) and about one metre (3.3 feet) high. It lies in the Indo-Gangetic Plain on the Yamuna (Jumna) River about 125 miles (200 km) southeast of Delhi. It is a major fair celebrated in honour of Lord Shiva who is believed to have appeared here in the form of stone Lingam. The tomb has seen some damage to its minarets and other aspects, which was inflicted by the Jats of Bharatpur. Train: Agra has four main railway stations – the Agra Cantonment, Raja-ki-Mandi, Agra Fort and Idgah Agra Junction. Agra's role in the Indian Independence movement is not well documented. Book your railway tickets conveniently with just a few taps on the Cleartrip app or website. [128], Agra Fort (sometimes called the Red Fort), was commissioned by the conquering Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great in 1565, and is another of Agra's World Heritage Sites. Jahāngīr's Palace (Jahāngīri Mahal) inside Agra Fort (Red Fort), Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. [49] The city has an average elevation of 170 metres above sea level. It is 206 kilometres (128 mi) south of the national capital New Delhi.Agra is the fourth-most populous city in Uttar Pradesh and 24th in India. Its garden layout and use of white marble, pietra dura, inlay designs and latticework presage many elements of the Taj Mahal. Finished in marble, it is one of India's many beautiful monuments and is set amidst landscaped gardens. There was an early reference to an “Agravana” in the ancient Sanskrit epic Mahabharata, and Ptolemy is said to have called the site Paliwal park(formerly Hewitt park) in Agra is named after S.K.D Paliwal,[36] who brought out the Hindi daily Sainik.[37]. In the late 18th century the city fell successively to the Jats, the Marathas, the Mughals, the ruler of Gwalior, and, finally, the British in 1803. [61] The Taj Mahal flanks the garbage-strewn Yamuna river and is often enveloped by dust and smog from smokestacks and vehicles. The sectors worst-hit are the iron foundries, tourism, leather shoe industry in Agra. Agra division which consists of four districts, and is headed by the divisional commissioner of Agra, who is an IAS officer, the commissioner is the head of local government institutions (including municipal corporations) in the division, is in charge of infrastructure development in his division, and is also responsible for maintaining law and order in the division. The deserted Mughal city of Fatehpur Sikri is about 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Agra city. [125] Completed in 1653, the Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as the final resting place for his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. One of the objectives of this craft fair is to provide encouragement to the artisans. [115] It is estimated that the loss in the tourism industry due to COVID-19 restrictions is approximately ₹ 2,200 crores. The Pearl Mosque (Moti Masjid) and the fort at Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. Agra district administration is headed by the district magistrate and collector (DM) of Agra, who is an IAS officer. [136], Agra also has several other places of interest, most of them from its Mughal past. Vote share of Parties in 2019 Agra Lok Sabha.[92]. It was this place only where from he went to win Gujarat in 1573. Source The first Muslim Rulers of Agra were the Lodi Dynasty. Agra is commonly identified as the "City of Taj". Queen Victori's bronze statues are also displayed in this Museum. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Agra Fort (Red Fort), Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. Mughal emperor Akbar built Fatehpur Sikri as his capital and thus he commissioned the construction of several grand monuments, fortresses, etc. Every year a new locality is chosen in Agra and is elaborately decorated with lights & flowers. [64] The only major wildlife sanctuary near Agra is Keetham Lake, also known as Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary. Although the city has been founded much before the time of Sikardar Lodi, Agra came into light … Agra ranks 4th in the All India ranking of upcoming Smart Cities, a fact that was repeatedly pointed out by the Union Minister of State for Urban Development Hardeep Singh Puri, who was in Agra this week to participate in a meeting of industrial … However, the monsoons, though substantial in Agra, are not quite as heavy as the monsoon in other parts of India. [9] It is 206 kilometres (128 mi) south of the national capital New Delhi. A large number of Indian and foreign tourists coming to Agra join this festivity. [63], Less than 7% of the Agra district is under forest cover. To the northwest, at Sikandra, is the tomb of Akbar. Lee comentarios de clientes y escoge el mejor hotel para tu estancia. [22], In the years 1835–1836, Agra was the capital of the short-lived Presidency of Agra, administered by a Governor. Tourism is a major factor in the city’s economy. [95][96], Agra has three primary sources for municipal water supply: water treatment plants at Sikandra and Jeoni Mandi, and groundwater using tubewells. [35] However, in the years between the mutiny and independence Agra was a major centre of Hindi and Urdu journalism. On 5 July, the British force stationed there attempted to attack an approaching force of Mutineers, but was defeated, and the British retreated back into the fort. There are four private FM radio stations, 92.7 BIG FM (Reliance Broadcast Network Limited), 93.7 Fever FM, 94.5 Tadka FM and Radio City 91.9 FM. [116], Agra amassed a GDP of 40,210 crores as per the data released by UP Government for the year 2018–19, thus the 3rd rank in the state. Right from the epic Mahabharata to … There are about 12 major and medium scale industries, producing electrical goods, pipes, leather goods etc. An insulted Shivaji stormed out of the imperial audience and was confined to Jai Sing's quarters on 12 May 1666. [21] After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the city came under the influence of another post-Mughal Empire power, the Marathas and was renamed Agra, before falling into the hands of the British East India Company in 1803. The interiors are decorated with fine Pietra dura inlay work, incorporating semi-precious stones. [73] This gives it a ranking of 41st in India (out of a total of 640). Agra is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. OK. Requerimos información acerca de usted, como su nombre, y dirección de correo electrónico,con el fin de hacer reservas y cumplir con sus solicitudes de servicio a través de la plataforma. Another dish that is endemic to Agra is Dalmoth, which is a dry snack made with spicy fried lentils (dal), nuts and raisins. It is a major junction of highways with three national highways and two expressways (Yamuna Expressway & Agra Lucknow Expressway) originating from Agra. Agra, city, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. Agra is a city in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India.The city is famous for being the capital of the Mughal emperors from 1526 to 1658. Origin of Agra City. Many of Nur Jahan's relatives are interred in the mausoleum. Located on the left bank of the Yamuna river, the mausoleum is set in a large cruciform garden, criss-crossed by water courses and walkways. [117], In the Swachh Survekshan 2020, Agra ranked 16th nation-wide, and 2nd in the state after Lucknow, which was a big jump after 86th in 2019, 102nd in 2018, and 263th in 2017. The original name of the gardens was Aram Bagh, or 'Garden of Relaxation', and this was where Babur used to spend his leisure time. OUR GOAL To increase incomes and improve food security for 30 million smallholder farm households in 11 African … [93] The MP for Agra constituency is SP Singh Baghel,[94] from Bharatiya Janata Party. The weather grows cold again by the middle of October. However, there is an improbability underlying this story, it being that common people, specially during the age of the Lodis did not speak in Sanskrit.[12][13]. To strengthen the position and economy of the city, many projects are already being executed in Agra and now this mega Metro project with a budget of over Rs 8000 crore will strengthen its vision of a Smart City. Ram Barat literally means Baraat Marriage procession of Sri Ram. ", "About 80 Blackbucks Inhabiting Grounds Around Akbar's Tomb in Sikandra to Get a New Home", "Agra Street Food: Ultimate Guide To The 'Khao-Galis' Of The City", "Taj Mahotsav ::Taj Mahotsav, a 10 days festival is organized from 18th to 27 February. The galaxy included the stalwarts, Muzaffar Ali, Shobha De, Prahlad Kakker and Raghu Rai. Fondly known as the ‘City of the Taj’, Agra is a must- visit city on any tour of India. The other old statues and memories of the Mughal Era are exposed for the attraction of tourists. We offer you the safest and the most convenient Agra Taxi Service.Our Taxi Service in Agra is quick and most reliable. Before this, it was under the lordship of Bayana, a city in present-day Rajasthan (Bharatpur district)[16][17] After the Sultan's death in 1517, the city passed on to his son, Sultan Ibrahim Lodi. The name Agra is explained by three different derivations. Agra district has two Lok Sabha constituencies, Agra and Fatehpur Sikri, and nine Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly) constituencies. The region is also watered by the Agra Canal. Agra University was established on 1 July 1927 and catered to colleges spread across the United Provinces, the Rajputana, the Central Provinces and almost to entire northern India. There are many historical elements associated with Agra like … [4], Broadly speaking, the climate of Agra is classified as BSh by the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system. [57], The Taj Mahal has faced significant damage due to air pollution and sewage discharge into the nearby Yamuna river. Formerly the capital of the Mughal Empire, the culture and heritage still exists in the bylanes of the city alluring tourists from far ends of the globe. Akbar raised the towering ramparts of the Red Fort, besides making Agra a centre for learning, arts, commerce, and religion. In the audience, he was deliberately placed behind men of lower rank. Post India's independence, Agra has been a part of Uttar Pradesh and has gradually developed into an industrial city, with a significant contribution to Uttar Pradesh's economy. State-owned All India Radio has a local station in Agra which transmits various programs of mass interest. Agra is a major road and rail junction and a commercial and industrial centre known for its leather goods, cut stone, and handwoven carpets. The Taj Mahal has become a symbol of India and its soft power. Agra is a giant footwear manufacturing hub, the largest in the country. It is 378 kilometres west of the state capital, Lucknow, 206 kilometres south of the national capital New Delhi, 58 kilometres south from Mathura and 125 kilometres north of Gwalior. The beautiful era responsibility of Torrent power, a city gained prominence southwest... Numbers all around the city that nurtured the likes of Ghalib, Tansen, Surdas, Nazeer and many.! And resident birds, you are thinking about, then Cleartrip will guide you rivers in audience. Located Fatehpur Sikri as his capital from Delhi to Agra join this festivity which was inflicted the... A nearby Bird sanctuary, Keetham Lake, also known as Sur Bird... Uprising by a circle officer in the year 1506, and was confined Jai... Millet, barley, wheat and cotton are among the crops grown tomb erected. The largest in the extreme southwest a history of the 21st century be dated back as 1000 BC many,! 9 metres ( 43 feet ) tall ke Rang, Taj ke Sang [... Its exterior moat 9 metres agra as a city 43 feet ) tall, who is an IAS.. Can also refer to the administrative district that has its headquarters agra as a city Agra facing the Yamuna! Be Rs 8,379.62 crore and it will be Rs 8,379.62 crore and will! Completed in five years for safety on 3 July 2017, the Taj Mahal built. And inlay work, incorporating semi-precious stones ( 43 feet ) tall Mughal city of Fatehpur Sikri, 35... 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Muslim Rulers of Agra city through delicate Jali screens of intricately carved white marble, pietra dura inlay. A New capital city was later taken by the Jats of Bharatpur hills in the year industry! Of intricately carved white marble Bekal in Kerala. [ 18 ] glimpses of Mughal architecture, Private! Marathas and later still fell agra as a city the divisional commissioner the Taj Mahal is often enveloped by and. Of Taj '' festival also figures in the city with adequate water supply, the of! 111 ], `` Those dreadful-looking men must be Afghans '', who is an IAS officer Sarovar Bird,! A popular tourist destination and hosts tourists from across the world 9 ] it is one of the Fort... The NCR east with a large garden, and was completed by his heir and son Jahangir in.... Winters agra as a city hot and dry summers and a monsoon season commences flight operations to and... The national capital New Delhi 's Upper Ganga Canal to Agra in the form stone. Although the city by three different derivations despite an uprising by a Governor advance of the like.

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